Wisdom teeth removal surgery or wisdom tooth extraction is term for a dental method used to tooth removal of the third set of molars. Popularly known as wisdom teeth, this surgery can be done when a tooth is decayed, infected, partially through, painful or impacted. The procedure is performed by giving local anaesthesia and the recovery may take near 1 to 3 weeks though people resume their activities in one or two days. Read on to know what you can expect when planning to perform wisdom tooth removal surgery which includes possible risks and other complications.
Everyone will not have wisdom teeth though most people generally have one to four, they generally come through between the age group of 17 and 25. Teeth may generally get impacted which means there isn’t sufficient space for them to break through the skin and then emerge. By removing the tooth, you will be able to avoid further damage to your adjacent teeth.
The surgery for wisdom teeth removal is generally done by a dentist or oral surgeon. The method involves cutting into the gum and removing tooth either in pieces or an entire tooth. You are given anaesthesia to get rid of the pain. The surgeon decides which kind of anaesthesia to use based on the complexity of the procedure, level of comfort, and number of teeth to be extracted.
The dentist suggests wisdom tooth removal surgery when an oral examination denotes your wisdom teeth are currently suffering dental degeneration or have a problem that could lead to problems in future.
Other reasons for wisdom tooth extraction are the following:
The dentist will conduct the surgery or rare cases refer you to another specialist. They will tell how you can prepare for the surgery and recovery later. They may even discuss about the kind of anaesthesia they want to use and reason for it. The price of wisdom teeth removal surgery depends on the level of impaction and number of teeth to be removed.
You may prepare for the recovery by buying or making liquid or soft foods that are easy to eat. Some of these can be – oatmeal, smoothies, yogurt and other foods that you do not need to chew.
Wear comfortable and loosely-fitted clothing for the surgery. If you take intravenous (IV) sedation, then choose a shirt that has short sleeves as you do not have to change it before surgery.
You need to follow the instructions of your surgeon for eating and drinking before the surgery. This can differ based on the kind of anaesthesia being used. If you take intravenous sedation, then you won’t be able to eat or drink anything after midnight the night before the treatment.
Otherwise with local anaesthetic it is good to eat your usual meals
The risk of bleeding problems increases by taking certain medications which include:
You might have to stop these for at least one to seven days before conducting a surgery. Do not utilise tobacco and alcohol for at least eight hours before your surgery.
You should reach on the surgery day a minimum of 15 to 30 minutes for filling in the forms and settling over there. The surgeon may need to perform some X-rays.
The surgery may over 45 minutes and you should not feel any pain as anaesthesia will be used
Below are some steps to carry out the process of a wisdom tooth extraction:
Once the surgery is done, the dentist provides gauze to bite down on for helping with blood clot. If you had sedation you might feel mild affects of anaesthesia which immediately after the surgery. With local anaesthetic you will feel very numb for 2 to 4 hours.
After the surgery is done, you will feel swollen and might not experience pain immediately but after 1 or 2 hours. This will possibly increase when anaesthesia wears off after the surgery.
Take the recommended pain killers as soon as possible after surgery.
During the first 24 hours after your surgery, you should:
There can be some swelling, bleeding and pain for several days after the surgery. You might not be able to open your mouth during this time. The extraction site may require at least six weeks to heal properly though most people can continue with their routine activities within one to two days.
The surgeon gives extra gauze to take home. In case you start bleeding after the removal of gauze, try folding another piece into a pad, moistening it with water and then holding or biting on it over the bleeding site till it stops completely.
It is important not to take alcohol for a minimum of 48 hours after the surgery, particularly if you are taking pain medication according to your dentist.
You need to take over-the-counter pain medications such as – ibuprofen and Paracetamol to eliminate the pain after a wisdom tooth extraction. Consider choosing cold compress on the face to overcome the swelling issue. Put extra pillows behind the head for elevating it above your heart to help with sleep during the first two days. This can decrease blood flow to your mouth and ease severe pain.
If the surgery was extensive then some stronger pain killers may be recommended.
During the first 24 hours after your surgery, you are advised to eat soft foods only such as – mashed vegetables and yogurt. Include soft foods in your diet such as –bread, oatmeal and eggs for one or two days.
Do not eat acidic, crunchy, chewy or spicy foods till you get healed completely. It helps to rinse mouth gently with warm salt water after you are done with eating and clean debris from the wound as well as lessen bacterial exposure.
Certain complications of wisdom teeth removal surgery are:
Some symptoms of dry socket include:
Talk to a dentist when there are dry socket symptoms or excessive bleeding.
You need to seek immediate care if there are any signs of infection such as:
Wisdom tooth removal treatment in London is a common dental method for teeth extraction from the third set of molars known as wisdom teeth. This outpatient procedure is generally done under mild anaesthesia. Full healing and recovery from a wisdom tooth extraction requires up to six weeks and you can return to work in one or two days.
It is possible to treat the pain by taking over-the-counter medication. It is advised not to drink alcohol for at least 48 hours and smoking should be stopped till the wound gets healed completely. Call your surgeon when you suffer from excessive bleeding or there are any signs of infection such as – chills, high fever, pus-like discharge and increased swelling.